Pitch Wars: The Synopsis … simplified

Young desperate girl writing with an old typewriter. Conceptual

Will you need a synopsis for Pitch Wars? I’m not going to lie. You may need one. Many mentors might ask for one to make that final mentee decision. I get it.  I hate writing synopses. But, unfortunately, it’s a necessary evil. Agents and editors may ask you for one. Get yours ready right after you finish your manuscript. Some writers do one before they even write the book. I can’t do that because I never follow an outline. So I thought I’d share with you how I do my synopses. Here’s a simplified formula. I hope it helps you tackle that dreaded synopsis.

1st Part (1 paragraph) – The hook.

What makes your story unique? Find that special something that sets your story apart from all the other stories out there with similar premises. Your manuscript about the bonds of friendship isn’t special enough. But put the friends in a moon station or on a deserted island where they have to trust each other to survive and you have something unique.

2nd Part (1 paragraph) – Act I. The slice of life.

It’s simply your character’s life before a door closes forever on the main character and life as they knew it changes.

3rd Part (1 to 2 paragraphs) – Act II. Inciting incident. No going back.

Start with your Inciting incident. How do you find the inciting Incident? The inciting incident takes the character from Act 1 of the story into Act 2. Your inciting incident should follow the “slice of life.” It’s the point of no return. Your character hasn’t a choice to go back to his or her normal life. She has no choice but to move forward.

4th Part (1 to 2 paragraphs) – Act III. All seems lost. The climax.

Make sure to define the stakes in the story and add the road map to the climax. Keep it clean and on the main plot.

5th Part (1 paragraph) – Closing. Wrap it up and give the ending.

Yes, you give the ending of the story. You can also add that it’s a standalone with series potential if you want.

  • Add what is unique about your story. That something cool that makes an agent/editor want to make an offer.
  • Don’t be vague. No teasers. The agent/editor must know everything important in the story.
  • Don’t add backstory or subplots.
  • Do add your voice.
  • Your synopsis should always be written in third-person, present tense no matter the tense or POV of your novel.
  • Keep your synopsis to around 500 -1000 words. A one-page synopsis is single-spaced with breaks between paragraphs. Two-pages or more should be double-spaced and formatted like a manuscript.

Did I miss something? Do you have any suggestions to make creating a synopsis easier? Please share with us in the comments of this post.

Author: Brenda Drake

New York Times bestselling author of Thief of Lies (Library Jumpers #1), Guardian of Secrets (Library Jumpers #2), Touching Fate (Fated Series #1), and Cursing Fate (Fated Series #2) available now, creator of #PitchWars, #PitchMadness, and #PitMad, fueled by coffee and Goldfish crackers (but not together), and represented by Peter Knapp with The Park Literary Group. @brendadrake

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32 Comments

  1. I haven’t had to write a synopsis yet, and the idea of it felt like facing a dragon. Reading this has gave me some armor. Thank you!

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  2. Madam, you are marvelous. THANK YOU. No one teaches this. You’ve saved our necks, especially mine. I’m horrible at synopses, and I sometimes wonder if they cost me queries!

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  3. I would add that this is not at all the format I was ‘taught’ but allows much more freedom than the one I have been using.
    Mine was :
    Paragraph 1 – 2 sentence hook – basically a tag-line
    Paragraph 2 – no more than 6 sentences of description covering what you have shown as parts 2-5 above.
    Paragraph 3 – the author’s bio (short and sweet).
    Let me tell you – for space opera, 6 sentences is like the money stuck with his hand in the box – I just can’t do it and get out the prize. I wish everyone best of luck using the formula above

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    • Theresa, this is more like a formula for a query than a synopsis. In the synopsis you don’t have a bio paragraph.

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      • You’re right. I was thinking of query. Sorry about that. You can delete this and I won’t be offended 🙂

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  4. This is an excellent synopsis of how to write a synopsis. Thanks so much for posting this!

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  5. Well, this is definitely simplified. I may have been doing it wrong, following the advice: a paragraph per chapter (according to a WD book I have). Thank you so much for this, Brenda.

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  6. Thank you for posting this Brenda! I’m thinking of entering Pitch Wars this year, if I can be ready, and a synopsis is something I had thought about (but haven’t really worked on). This was good advice, and I will definitely try this method. Some of the ones I found made it seem way more complicated and lengthy.

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  7. Are there any differences/best ways to approach the synopsis when you have two POV characters with separate but intersecting stories? I imagine it would not read smoothly if every other sentence began with “Meanwhile…”

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    • When I have a dual POV, I mention them both in the hook and then do two paragraphs for all three acts, switching POVs, and then the closing (climax) I bring them together. The thought of “meanwhile” is there but the actual work isn’t used, naturally.

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      • Thanks SO much for this bit of advice. Such a great help in steering me how to handle “the He” when it starts out with just “the She”. Really appreciate what you are doing. Thanks, again.

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  8. Comment Thanks for this great model. It will help so much!

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  9. Thank you for the timely post! I’ve officially reached that point in the query process where I need one. 😉

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  10. Thank you very much for this helpful advice! You mentioned the standalone piece with potential for a series, but may I please ask what you might suggest to someone if they wanted to leave their story off with a cliffhanger ending, to be hopefully addressed in a second book? Does one say as much? Does one just indicate in the wrap-up of the synopsis that there could be more to the story? I don’t want to make any missteps that could have been avoided, so any advice you or your readers have would be appreciated.

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  11. This is wonderfully helpful! Now I know why I can’t get my synopsis shorter than three pages no matter how I try. I’m off to trim the fat. Thank you, thank you!

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  12. Thank you, I’ve been trying to shove the entire, chapter-by-chapter action into the synopsis. No more!

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  13. Very helpful in putting together my synopsis for my #PitchWars entry! =) Thank you!

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  14. My book is a beginners reader, like for 1st grader, it has only five chapters and 28 pages. How should a synopsis for a short book be?

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    • I’m not an expert on Chapter Books, but you’d would do it the same, just not as long.

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  15. This format looks wonderful, thank you! I definitely dread writing Synopsis. I think because the language is so passive when I’ve strived to teach myself to write action-oriented and so it’s hard to just ‘tell’ the story. I would also say leading with a hook question of some kind in the beginning works for me. (in the opening paragraph)

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  16. Thank you for the tips! Could you provide any examples of synopses done right?

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  17. I’ve read that it’s best to only mention three characters by name in a synopsis–the protagonist, the love interest/side character, and the antagonist–and refer to all others by their roles. Would mentioning four or five by name be too many?

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    • My synopsis for Thief of Lies had four characters mentioned. It has to be warranted to use more than three. Like, two love interests or several POVs in the story. That kind of thing.

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  18. If you have written a sequel to your MS, and you include the bit about your current MS having the potential to be a series, do you include any details about the follow-up story or sequel? As a new author, should you even include that kind of information or would that be seen as presumptive? Thank you for your help!

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    • You wouldn’t include a bit about the current MS or mention that it’s a sequel. Just focus on the book you’re querying. It would be seen as presumptive to include it. Agents get that there may be a series potential.

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  19. Hey Brenda, thank you for the helpful post. Do you have any suggestions or recommendations for a synopsis on interconnected stories? I’m calling it a novel because it’s tied together by the same inciting incident, but it’s told in seven sections, each with a separate main character.

    Thanks so much!

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  20. These goals we hear from agents that a synopsis (1) fits on one or two pages, (2) isn’t too dry, (3) doesn’t leave any important plot points or characters out, (4) adds depths to characters, and (5) demonstrates your writing talent — are all mutually exclusive. This is what makes us nuts. I’m yet to see an agent produce an example that does all this. This format seems promising but it leaves little room for subplots, character development, world description, clues or beats for a fast-paced sci-fi mystery novel. – Dismayed but eager for help

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